Monpazier, English bastide founded in 1284 by King Edward I of England to set people on his land of Aquitaine, against France. Its residents enjoy many benefits such as tax exemption and abolition of seigneurial right. Monpazier name appears in the thirteenth century, when the foundation of the house, under the Latinized form of "Castrum Montis Pazerii", which means "castle mountain of peace." Translated into Occitan, it consists of castle, from the Latin mons, montis) and pazier, a derivative of patz (which comes as French peace, from Latin pax). "Castel" would have been lost over time. The bastide was built on a rectangular plan around a central square, surrounded by houses built between the thirteenth and seventeenth century. She has managed, over the centuries, to retain its original character despite the vicissitudes of time and escape the destruction that religious wars have caused in the region.