Australie-Méridionale

Vivre dans le sud de l'Australie

Iyna Bort Caruso

Call it Under Down Under – South Australia, the state that occupies the lower fringe of the continent.

Unlike many Australian regions, it was settled as a British province and not as convict colony. The vast majority of the population – some 75 percent – live in and around Adelaide.

The Economist Intelligence Unit Magazine pegged Adelaide number five on its 2017 index of the world’s most livable cities based on such factors as health care, education and infrastructure. The city, founded in 1836, was built on a grid with squares at the center and a range of parks surrounding it. It is a city of festivals--arts, film and fringe. The Adelaide Fringe Festival is one of the world’s largest experimental performing arts events. Beaches are less than a half-hour away. Family-friendly beaches are to the north; surfer beaches to the south, all of which are enjoyed year-round in the Mediterranean climate.

It is that climate – as well as the soil – that has made the area the continent’s wine capital. Wine bars and tasting rooms, known locally as cellar doors, are all over the city of Adelaide and wine regions are scattered throughout South Australia. Barossa, just about an hour north of Adelaide is the birthplace of the country’s wine industry. Its vines date back to the 1840s.

A copper boom in the mid-1800s brought wealth to the region, which showed in new housing.  A significant number of homes have survived from that period. The architecture of South Australia largely falls into six styles: Colonial, Victorian, Federation, Interwar, Post War and late 20th century. Although styles vary from region to region, homes in South Australia are known for their extensive use of bluestone, locally made bricks and iron lacework verandas, which became a distinguishing design characteristic. Throughout the state, more than 120 buildings have been deemed as “nationally significant.” Nevertheless, there is variety in the property market, from terrace houses and townhomes to vineyard estates and weekender coastal apartments.

Adelaide, in particular, boasts a number desirable inner-city suburbs such as Unley Park, known for its large mansions and generous acreage. Rose Park features heritage homes and beautiful gardens. Exclusive Medindie is lush and green with views of the Adelaide Hills. Less than an hour south of Adelaide is Fleurieu Peninsula, a vacation destination of long sandy beaches, national parks and four wine regions.

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